Anesthesiology is a medical field concerned with the relieving of pain before, during and after surgery and childbirth.
The profession has three main specialties – local, regional and general.
General anesthesia is often called “putting the patient to sleep”, and it makes the patients unconscious and unaware of whatever is happening to them.
Therefore, the patient cannot even recall the procedure taking place.
Sedation can also be done on the patient, whereby, a medication is provided to calm the patient down before a procedure.
With regional anesthesia, only part of the body is numbed during the ensuing medical process.
General anesthesia include nerve blocks or epidural injections.
For instance, during regional anesthesia, the lower part of the body may be numbed, such as during a knee surgery.
Sedation can be used in conjunction with regional anesthesia.
Local anesthesia may take the form of an injection, a spray, or even an ointment.
The option is used with procedures such as foot and hand surgery.
Previously, people who had to get the services of an anesthesiologists had significant risks on their lives.
However, things have changed considerable.
Today, the risk of death has been reduced to 1 in 200,000.
Anesthesiologists are involved in about 90% of all surgical procedures that take place in the U.S.
What Provision of Anesthesiology Services Involves
When it comes to picking the kind of anesthesia to provide, certain factors are taken into consideration.
They include the patient’s medical history, the kind of procedure being carried out, as well as the patient’s desire as pertains to the procedure.
It is the role of these professionals to ensure that the anesthetic needs of the patient are addressed throughout the procedure.
For this reason, an anesthesiologist will often discuss with the patient all that is required during the procedure in order to come up with an anesthetic plan.
Safety is a major priority during this process, and the anesthesiologist can decide whether you are fit to undergo the surgical procedure or not.
At this state, an anesthesiologist will tell you for how long to go without food or drink, and the significance any medications you are taking might have and how to proceed.
Similarly, the patient is welcome to ask any questions they might have about the procedure.
This can help ease the patient’s mind before the procedure and ensure better surgical outcomes.
Anesthesiology is Bigger than Pain Relief
Broadly speaking, anesthesiologists’ help patients avoid suffering any pain during a certain medical procedures, their responsibilities are much greater.
For instance, they are charged with finding out if the anesthetic procedure or the surgery will be safe.
They also have to decide what pain medications or interventions are best for the patient with regard to their well-being and their comfort.
In case of childbirth, an anesthesiologist has to manage the needs of both the mother and the child.
These professionals are also supposed to monitor all vital signs such as blood pressure, breathing, and even temperature during the medical procedure.
An anesthesiologist should also be in a position to deal with any emergency problems that might occur before, during and after the procedure.
These include offering cardiac and pulmonary resuscitation, managing or airways, helping provide advanced life support.
The anesthesiologists also intervene in other ways to ensure the safety of the procedure being undertaken.
For instance, they can lower blood pressure to control bleeding and decide whether transfusions are necessary during the procedure.
An anesthesiologist also serves a supervisory role whereby he has to work with nurses and physicians and other medical professionals to ensure the patient is safe throughout the procedure.
fter the surgery, the anesthesiologist has to be readily available to offer any consultations as other health care professionals take care of the patient.
Therefore, an anesthesiologist cannot administer thee anesthetic and leave, he/she has to be around to oversee the safety of the patient.
An anesthesiologist also decides when the patient has made enough recovery to be taken to a regular ward or to get discharged.
They also help provide consultative services to patients with regard to their stability in addition to helping prepare the patients for emergency surgical procedures.
An anesthesiologist attains this qualification after successfully completing a medical course and then taking an anesthesiologist course.
This field of medicine also has specialties.
For instance, some anesthesiologists specialize in heart surgeries, while others specialize in obstetrics or pediatrics.
Some can even specialize in terminal care or palliative care.